Why financial advisers should embrace the DIY investor
What do you get when you combine financial planners with DIY investors? I know, it sounds like the opening line of a joke, but I’ve been thinking about this a lot lately.
Is it possible for financial planners to work with DIY investors?
When it comes to working with DIY investors, it’s easy to just say no and be done with, but I believe a working relationship is achievable.
Of course, it may be that you actively choose not to work with anyone who looks or sounds like a DIYer. That’s completely understandable. We all know that the fun work in financial planning is doing the complete job for people, where the investment piece (although important) isn’t the main driver. However, I can think of a few reasons why you might decide to embrace the DIY investors that come your way from time to time:
- You need the income and your cash flow is not yet mature enough to say no. No shame in that.
- There will always be some really hardcore DIY investors who won’t be right for you, but many so-called DIYers are swayable if they can get past a few sticky issues.
- Some of the DIY investors that you do secure will happily morph into more complete financial planning clients over time, once they gain comfort and trust in your investment process.
Research conducted by Pershing suggested that 49% of higher net worth investors considered themselves self-directed. Let’s assume that 10% or 20% are committed to doing it themselves. That’s still 3 or 4 out of 5 DIY prospects that have the potential to work with you, if you have the right proposition.
As a first step to understanding them, I think it’s important to realise that, while they present to you as wanting to do it themselves, this is more likely just a reflection of some healthy cynicism regarding advisers and their ability to add value on the investment piece. If we are brutally honest, who can blame them?
Most financial advisers I know don’t get another financial adviser to manage their affairs for them. Why do you think that is? Clearly they can’t see the value when compared with the costs either, so let’s cut the DIYers some slack.
What are DIY investors looking for in a proposition?
One issue highlighted in the Pershing research was (unsurprisingly) fees. In a financial planning relationship asset-based fees can work just fine, because the value added is so high. However in an investment-only relationship the value added is less and costs matter a whole lot more. So the first thing to look at is how you’re going to price an investment-only service aimed at DIYers. Many prospective clients in this space are looking for fixed fees rather than asset-based fees. You can certainly price this up and still make a profit using a fixed-fee approach.
Other things DIY clients say they are looking for, according to Pershing, include 'good quality flows of news and information and systems that allow them to access market information and good quality reporting.'
The type of information you sift and collate through in your own work as an adviser, and through your investment committee, is the type of information these clients want. You could certainly package or repackage some of that as outward communication for this investment-focused client segment.
As I said at the outset, you may just decide this segment is not for you. However, if you make a decision to try and engage with the DIY investor, then there are some pitfalls to watch out for:
- The most obvious and problematic, is that while many clients claim to only be interested in investment (or pensions, or whatever); when you get under their skin with some good questioning, this is not the case. This leads me to believe that a certain percentage of so-called self-directed investors are not really that at all. However, your existing first meeting process should be able to sort these people out and pitch them your normal financial planning offering at the end of the first meeting, if that seems appropriate.
- Of the rest who truly are seeking investment-only advice, there is the problem of service creep. Service creep occurs when the client has been secured on your investment-only service (at a much lower ongoing fee), but then realises they need advice in other areas like tax, family, care or pension issues. Saying no to these extra services, or charging for them appropriately can become very difficult and most firms are not geared up to do it at all, so don’t deceive yourself. If you are going to work in this space, get your boundaries very clear in your own mind and in your written service proposition right up-front. Then you can charge for the extras, or at some point have a discussion about moving across to your full financial planning service.
- You need a way to identify when a prospective client is a genuine DIY investor and have an education/sales process that deals with their issues and concerns. The investment questions you ask will be critical in helping these investors (and you, their adviser) gain clarity around what they do and don’t know.